Global Liability

Spatial Dataset


Agriculture (oil palm)

Data Use Agreement

Remote Sensing, Land Use Change Analysis, Document, Field Survey



December 2019

August 2022

Biannually (6 months)

36,825 MB


As we seek to achieve carbon neutral and net zero status, commodity-driven deforestation has been increasingly been highlighted due to its link to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In an IPCC report published in 2022, it is estimated that agriculture, forestry and other land use contributed to 22% of the total anthropogenic CO₂ emission. In Indonesia and Malaysia alone, our research found that 305,143 ha of forest and 395,312 ha of peat were cleared by 296 palm plantation company groups during 2016-2021, which corresponds to around 455 million tons of GHG emission. In this regard, there has been a strong focus by stakeholders in the industry on the deforestation liability. Growers, millers, refiners, traders, processors and end users all share the responsibility to offset the various harms caused by the loss of forests and peatlands.

The Global Liability dataset captures the data on all recorded deforested areas and peatland cleared across oil palm plantations globally by company groups. This includes the calculated liability for each of the deforesting company groups, and in aggregate over seven years (2016 – 2022). Beyond assessment of liability due to unsustainable land use changes, deforestation and peatland development, users can integrate this dataset in their recovery/remediation and decarbonization programs.

This dataset includes:

  • Monthly updates and delivery of liability assessment on the supplier group level.
  • The total loss of forests and peatlands at the global level, weighted against their intrinsic values such as carbon content & biodiversity.
  • Historical supply base data from 2016 until current year.
Sample data

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